Home » Bali Barat National Park
In 1974, an area of 200 square kilometers of coastal forest around the Prapat Agung peninsula in the northwestern tip of Bali was designated as a “Nature Park”. One of the reasons for this was to preserve the Bali tiger which became extinct anyway ! The park was extended in 1974 and again in 1985 when further 500 square kilometers of interior forest was included and the whole area was upgraded to become the Bali Barat National Park.
The terrain here is not really forest land, it is actually coastal savanna. During the dry season from June to September, when there is sparse rainfall, the trees shed their leaves and the landscape becomes scorched and yellow. When the monsoon rains fall in December, the entire landscape is magically transformed and becomes lush and green.
The park is home to the critically-endangered bird species White Starling (Leucopsar Rothschildii). The bird is pure white except for its black wing-tips and blue face. A cooperative conservation program is being implemented by the Indonesian and overseas agencies to try to introduce some of these captives birds back to the wild. Being Bali’s closest tip to Java, the park is also inhabited by a variety of indigenous migratory bird species which cross the Bali Strait from Java. The Black Shouldered-Kite, the Yellow Billed-Oxpecken, the Blue Kingfisher, the White-Bellied Sea Eagle are among few of the birds.
The appearance of mangrove is no clue to the vital important role they play in the ecosystem. Often thought of as a nuisance or as a useless swamp, the mangrove ecosystem is undeniably vital to the coastal zone. Among the reasons, mangrove act as a nursery area for many fish species, absorb potentially damaging wave and storm energy as well as acting as a reservoir pollutants.
The Bali Barat National Park is home to approximately 19 different species of mangrove. Some of them cover the coastal line of Banyuwedang bay where Mimpi Resort is located. Others occupy coastal zones in Gilimanuk and Terima bay, Prapat Agung Peninsula and Menjangan island. They are generally healthy and serve as distinctive habitat for several rare aquatic species.
To facilitate further understanding about mangrove habitat, a guided tour along the bay of Banyuwedang can be arranged. The tour will approximately take one to two hours departing directly from the resort’s gazebo jetty. Although the tour can be organized at any time of the day, it is recommended to be at either in the morning or in the afternoon. Apart from avoiding sun heat, both times offer better chance to see the wild which live in the mangrove especially macaque and little blue king fisher. Another great option to enjoy a closer look at mangrove is simply by kayaking along the bay.
The terrain and landscape of the Bali Barat National Park largely consists of monsoon forest and savanna. Lush mangrove vegetation also occupy some of its coastal area along the bay of Banyuwedang and Gilimanuk, Prapat Agung peninsula and Menjangan Island.
Characterized by small annual rainfall, much less from the rest of Bali particularly the south, the Park deserves distinct nature both in flora and fauna. To explore its unique terrain and wildlife, trekking inside the Park can truly be a discovery. Depending on physical capacity, we arrange park-trekking ranging from two up to five hours.
Trekking 1- Rp. 550,000 per person (minimum two person)
Departing and ending point is the park Ranger Post in Teluk Terima. This trek organized to explore the lowland tropical bush and forest a long the small river of Teluk Terima. On recommended dry season, this short trek could provide an opportunity to observe some wilds such as black monkey, macaque monkey and giant squirrel. The best part will be around an area of a huge old three locally called Trembesi, believed to have been there over 100 years. The whole trek will approximately take 2 hours.
Trekking 2 – Rp. 650,000 per person (minimum two person)
Departing and ending point is the park Ranger post in Teluk Terima. This trek is organized as an extended exploration of Trekking-1 to further explore the highland tropical forest of Mount Ulu in Teluk Terima at 242 meters above sea level. It samples some of the most interesting terrain of the Park. The whole trek will approximately take 3 hours.
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Recommendations and Tips :
Bird Watching – Rp. 550,000 per person (minimum two person)
The Bali Barat National Park is the preferred habitat of approximately 300 species of tropical birds, both migratory and endemic. Many of them are quite difficult to spot. From seed, insect to fish – eating species, all can found here either a long its monsoon habitat or coastal mangrove swamp.
For a more advanced birding , we arrange guided exploration into several birding sites of the park. To reserve best observation moment, arrangement could be made either early in the morning from 07:00 to 09:00 am or late in the afternoon from 04:00 pm to 05:00 pm. both for approximately two hours. Depending on current season and other weather – related facts, birding – site options include coastal mangrove area of Teluk Terima including its small river, Tegal Bunder near the Starling rehabilitation center and coastal area of Cekik close to the park headquarter.
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Recommendations and Tips :
Starling Rehabilitation Visit – Rp. 500,000 per person (minimum two person)
The Bali Barat Nasional Park is home to Bali’s only endemic bird, the Rothschild’s Mynah which is more commonly known as the Bali Starling. It was discovered in 1911 and named leucopsar rothscildi in honor of Baron Walter Von Rothschild, the famous financier of plume hunters and bird collectors, and founder of the Tring museum in England. The bird is pure white except for its black wing-tips and blue face. In the evenings, the mynahs normally fly down from the hills where they feed during the day to roost near the sea. The local Pilang tree (Acacia leucophloea ) which occupied many part of the park monsoon forest has been their choice of nest for ages. As it gets older, the three normally looses off its skin making it slippery for any predator such as snake to climb and hunt the starling eggs.
Although Bali is its natural and only habitat, the numbers of Bali Starling have never been large. Today it is believed that less than 30 Bali Starling’s have remained un-captured in the wild! A cooperative conservation program is being implemented by the Indonesian and overseas agencies to try to introduce some of these captive birds back to the wild. There are currently two rehabilitation centre in the park. One is located in Tegal Bunder just on the gate to Perapat Agung peninsula and another in Teluk Berumbun opposite Menjangan Island’s Post I. The first can be reached by a 20-minute car drive but the second can only be reached by an approximately 45-minute boat ride from the resort. Tegal Bunder is considered as the first rehabilitation stage where the captive will be intensively introduced back to wild before finally being pre-released in Teluk Berumbun. Some breeding is also done in Tegal Bunder .
To know more about this conservation program, a visit to the rehabilitation center in Tegal Bunder can be arranged.
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